City of Homes
|Incorporated (city)||December 20, 1828|
|• Total||19.82 sq mi (51.34 km2)|
|• Land||19.48 sq mi (50.44 km2)|
|• Water||0.35 sq mi (0.90 km2)|
|Elevation||971 ft (296 m)|
|• Density||2,184.80/sq mi (843.58/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|Area code(s)||770, 678|
|GNIS feature ID||0332499|
Newnan was established as county seat of Coweta County (replacing the defunct town of Bullsboro) in 1828, and was named for North Carolinian General Daniel Newnan. It quickly became a prosperous magnet for lawyers, doctors, other professionals, and merchants. Much of Newnan's prosperity was due to its thriving cotton industry, which relied on slavery.
Newnan was largely untouched by the Civil War due to its status as a hospital city (for both Union and Confederate troops), and as a result still features much antebellum architecture. During the Atlanta Campaign, Confederate cavalry defeated Union forces at the nearby Battle of Brown's Mill. Subsequently, architect Kennon Perry (1890-1954) designed many of the town's early 20th-century homes.
On April 23, 1899, a lynching occurred after an African-American man by the name of Sam Hose (born Tom Wilkes) was accused of killing his boss, Alfred Cranford. Hose was abducted from police custody, paraded through Newnan, tortured, and burned alive just north of town by a lynch mob of roughly 2,000 citizens of Coweta County.
Newnan was also host to the trial in 1948 of wealthy landowner John Wallace, the first White man in the South to be condemned to death by the testimony of African Americans, two field hands who were made to help with burning the body of murdered white sharecropper Wilson Turner. These events were portrayed in the novel Murder in Coweta County.
In 1968, Kmart opened a warehouse in Newnan, which slowly established it as a major hub for distribution in the area. The International Brotherhood of Teamsters attempted to unionize the warehouse, but the attempt was defeated when the employees voted 329 to 201 in favor of remaining union-free. In 2015, the distribution center closed with a loss of 164 jobs.
In the early morning hours of March 26, 2021, Newnan was directly impacted by a violent EF4 tornado, which caused substantial structural damage and indirectly killed one person. The tornado was one of the strongest on record in Georgia since 1950, and directly impacted the historic downtown area. Newnan High School will be re-built after sustaining serious damage.
Newnan is located in the center of Coweta County at (33.376411, -84.788648). U.S. Route 29 passes through the center of the city, leading northeast 13 miles (21 km) to Palmetto and south 7 miles (11 km) to Moreland. Interstate 85 passes through the eastern side of the city, with access from exits 41, 44, and 47. I-85 leads northeast 40 miles (64 km) to downtown Atlanta and southwest 125 miles (201 km) to Montgomery, Alabama. U.S. Route 27A leads northwest from the center of Newnan 22 miles (35 km) to Carrollton.
The climate is moderate with an average temperature of 64.3 °F (45.8° in the winter and 79.1° in the summer). The average annual rainfall is 51.84 inches.
|Climate data for Newnan, Georgia|
|Average high °F (°C)||52
|Average low °F (°C)||31
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||5.49
|Average snowfall inches (cm)||0.8
|Source: The Weather Channel|
|U.S. Decennial Census|
|Black or African American (non-Hispanic)||13,033||30.63%|
|Hispanic or Latino||4,521||10.63%|
As of the 2020 United States census, there were 42,549 people, 15,135 households, and 10,013 families residing in the city.
As of 2010, Newnan's population was approximately 33,039 and Coweta County's population was approximately 127,400. From 2000 to 2010, the population of Coweta County grew by 42.7% as compared to from 1990 to 2000, when its population grew by 65.7%. Newnan's population grew by 30% from 1990 to 2000 and by 103.4% from 2000 to 2010.
The ethnic makeup of the city was 50.8% White, 37.6% African American, 0.3% Native American, 2.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 5.6% from some other race, and 2.8% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 11.4% of the population.
Of the 13,783 households, 34.4% had children under 18 living with them, 42.5% were married couples living together, 17.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.4% were not families. About 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.61, and the average family size was 3.17. In the city, the age distribution was 30.8% under 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 9.8% who were 65 or older. The median age was 33.3 years.
The median income for a household in the city was $50,175 and for a family was $64,615. Males had a median income of $50,753 versus $39,691 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,081. About 17.3% of families and 22.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.0% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.
Arts and culture
The city is home to one of the few Georgia counties with a museum that focuses mainly on African-American history. The Coweta County African American Heritage Museum and Research Center, or Caswell House, was opened in July 2003 in a donated mill village house once owned by Ruby Caswell. The museum sits on Farmer Street on an old, unmarked slave cemetery. It has collected hundreds of family genealogical records by interviewing residents and going through the census records. The museum also houses the Coweta Census Indexes from 1870 to 1920.
The first Black library in the county was the Sara Fisher Brown Library. Built in the 1950s, the library has since been converted into the Community Action For Improvement Center.
The Farmer Street Cemetery is the largest slave cemetery in the South, and may be the largest undisturbed one in the nation. It is within the city limits of Newnan.
Coweta County School District
The Coweta County School District holds preschool to grade 12, and consists of 19 elementary schools, seven middle schools, and three high schools. The district has 1,164 full-time teachers and over 18,389 students.
- Arbor Springs Elementary
- Arnco-Sargent Elementary
- Atkinson Elementary
- Brooks Elementary
- Canongate Elementary
- Eastside Elementary
- Elm Street Elementary
- Grantville Elementary
- Jefferson Parkway Elementary
- Moreland Elementary
- Newnan Crossing Elementary
- Northside Elementary
- Poplar Road Elementary
- Ruth Hill Elementary
- Thomas Crossroads Elementary
- Western Elementary
- Welch Elementary
- White Oak Elementary
- Willis Road Elementary
- The Heritage School (private)
- Trinity Christian School (private)
- Arnall Middle School
- Blake Bass Middle School
- East Coweta Middle School
- Evans Middle School
- Lee Middle School
- Madras Middle School
- Smokey Road Middle School
- The Heritage School (private)
- Trinity Christian School (private)
- Odyssey Charter School
- Newnan High School
- East Coweta High School
- Northgate High School
- Central Educational Center (Chartered Coweta County School System School)
- The Pentecostal Church of God Christian Academy (private)
- The Heritage School (private)
- Trinity Christian School (private)
Mercer University has a regional academic center in Newnan. The center opened in 2010, and offers programs through the university's College of Continuing and Professional Studies.
- Interstate 85
- Outer Perimeter
- State Route 34
- State Route 34 Bypass
- State Route 16
- State Route 70
- Lower Fayetteville Road
- Newnan Crossing Boulevard East
- Newnan Crossing Bypass
- U.S. Route 29
- U.S. Route 27 Alternate
Pedestrians and cycling
- Newnan–Coweta County Airport provides chartered air service and flight training.
Until the mid-1950s the Central of Georgia operated two trains daily in each direction, through Newnan from Atlanta to Columbus, in its Man O' War service. The Central continued a single Man O' War train until 1971 when Amtrak took over most interstate passenger service. Until 1970, the city was a stop on the Southern Railway's Crescent from New Orleans to New York City, via Atlanta. Into the mid-1960s, the Southern's Crescent and Piedmont Limited made stops in both directions in Newnan.
- Ellis Arnall, governor of Georgia (1943–1947)
- William Yates Atkinson, governor of Georgia (1894–1898)
- Karsten Bailey, former National Football League (NFL) wide receiver with Seattle Seahawks and Green Bay Packers
- Enoch Marvin Banks, historian and educator
- Cam Bedrosian, Major League Baseball (MLB) pitcher for the Los Angeles Angels
- Steve Bedrosian, former MLB pitcher, winner of 1987 Cy Young Award
- Hamilton Bohannon, musician and record producer
- Keith Brooking, former linebacker with Georgia Tech and NFL's Atlanta Falcons and Dallas Cowboys
- Erskine Caldwell, novelist and short fiction writer (1903–1987)
- Jack Tarpley Camp Jr., jurist
- Lewis Grizzard, author and newspaper columnist
- Drew Hill, former NFL wide receiver with Houston Oilers, Los Angeles Rams, and Atlanta Falcons
- Alan Jackson, Country Music Hall of Fame member
- Joe M. Jackson, United States Air Force colonel, Medal of Honor recipient
- Calvin Johnson, former All-Pro NFL wide receiver with Detroit Lions, second selection of 2007 NFL Draft
- John Keith, former NFL player
- Wil Lutz, NFL kicker with New Orleans Saints
- Mary Lyndon, first woman to receive degree from University of Georgia
- Monica, Grammy-winning singer, songwriter, actress, and entrepreneur
- Warren Newson, MLB player with Chicago White Sox, Texas Rangers
- Alec Ogletree, NFL linebacker
- Stephen W. Pless, Marine Corps major, Medal of Honor recipient
- Ralph Presley, airline pilot and politician
- Rocky Roquemore, international golf course designer
- Jefferson Randolph "Soapy" Smith II, (1860–1898), infamous 19th century gambler, confidence man, and crime boss
- Lynn Smith, businesswoman, educator, and politician
- Will Smith, MLB pitcher for the Houston Astros
- Doug Stone, country music singer-songwriter
- Charles Wadsworth, concert pianist, music promoter
- Jerome Walton, MLB player, 1989 Rookie of the Year
- Marie Robinson Wright (1853–1914), journalist, traveler, historian, author
- William C. Wright, congressman (1918–1933)
- Steve Young, pioneer country rock musician
Television and movies
- The ABC television series October Road was filmed in Newnan, but is set in the fictional town of Knights Ridge, Massachusetts.
- The TV movie Murder in Coweta County (1983), based on the book by Margaret Anne Barnes, chronicles actual events that occurred around 1948.
- The NBC series I'll Fly Away was filmed in Newnan from 1991 to 1993.
- The 1995 movie Fluke was filmed in Newnan.
- Pet Sematary Two (1992)
- The 1979 movie The Sheriff and the Satellite Kid (Uno sceriffo extraterrestre... poco extra e molto terrestre) with Bud Spencer takes place and was filmed in Newnan.
- The Walking Dead TV series has several scenes filmed in Newnan, including Newnan High School and Sonrise Baptist Church.
- The Netflix TV series Insatiable was filmed in Newnan.
- Zombieland (2009)
- The Hunger Games: Mockingjay – Part 1 (2014)
- The Founder (2016)
- The House with a Clock in Its Walls (2018)
- Lovecraft Country (2019)
- "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Newnan city, Georgia". www.census.gov. Retrieved December 16, 2021.
- "History". www.ci.newnan.ga.us. City of Newnan. Retrieved April 12, 2019.
- Mike Clary (March 31, 1992). "Workers Say Kmart Short-Changed Them". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 23, 2020.
- Kmart Corp, 316 N.L.R.B. 1175 (N.L.R.B. 1995)
- Aaron Hutchins (February 25, 2015). "Sears & Kmart closing update, 25 February 2015". blindbatnews.com. Retrieved February 23, 2020.
- "Tornado emergency leaves extensive damage across Newnan". WSB-TV Channel 2 - Atlanta. March 26, 2021. Retrieved March 26, 2021.
- Leftwich, Rebecca (January 16, 2022). "A new start: Initial plans for rebuilding Newnan High School unveiled". Newnan-Times Herald. Retrieved November 8, 2022.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Newnan city, Georgia". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved July 30, 2014.
- "Monthly Averages for Newnan, GA". Weather.com. 2010. Retrieved March 15, 2010.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 14, 2021.
- American Factfinder, ESRI
- Schindler, Madeline (July 24, 2017). "African American Museum remains open". The Newnan Times-Herald. Retrieved April 12, 2019.
- Dianne (March 30, 2008). "The Coweta County Museum, Newnan Georgia: Black Firsts in Coweta County". thecowetacountymuseum.blogspot.com. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
- "The Coweta County Museum, Newnan Georgia". thecowetacountymuseum.blogspot.com. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
- Georgia Board of Education[permanent dead link], Retrieved June 5, 2010.
- School Stats, Retrieved June 5, 2010.
- "University of West Georgia- Newnan." University of West Georgia. N.p., 2011. Web. 24 Aug 2011. <http://www.westga.edu/newnan/>.
- "Coweta Campus Central Educational Center." West Georgia Technical College. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Aug 2011. <http://www.westgatech.edu/locations/coweta.htm Archived 2011-08-17 at the Wayback Machine>.
- Godey, Louis Antoine; Hale, Sarah Josepha Buell (1856). "COLLEGE TEMPLE, NEWNAN, GEORGIA". Godey's Magazine. Godey Company. 52–53: 154–55. Retrieved January 9, 2022. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- "LINC construction set to begin". May 11, 2018.
- "Central of Georgia Railway, Table 6". Official Guide of the Railways. National Railway Publication Company. 88 (4). September 1955.
- "Central of Georgia Railway". Official Guide of the Railways. National Railway Publication Company. 99 (7). December 1956.
- "Central of Georgia Railway, Table 3". Official Guide of the Railways. National Railway Publication Company. 102 (12). May 1970.
- "Passenger Trains Operating on the Eve of Amtrak" Trains magazine http://ctr.trains.com/~/media/import/files/pdf/f/7/7/passenger_trains_operating_on_the_eve_of_amtrak.pdf
- "Southern Railway, Table A". Official Guide of the Railways. National Railway Publication Company. 102 (5). October 1969.
- "Southern Railway, Table A (rerouted west through Birmingham)". Official Guide of the Railways. National Railway Publication Company. 102 (12). May 1970.
- "Atlanta and West Point Rail Road". Official Guide of the Railways. National Railway Publication Company. 98 (2). July 1965.
- "Lynn Smith's Biography". Vote Smart. Retrieved March 29, 2021.
- "Filming in Coweta". Coweta County. Archived from the original on May 10, 2017. Retrieved November 4, 2016.
- "Good Reads Page for Murder in Coweta County book".
- "Murder in Coweta County IMDB". IMDb. February 15, 1983.
- "Movies". Movies & TV Dept. The New York Times. 2012. Archived from the original on November 4, 2012.
- "Newnan Archives – The Walking Dead Locations". The Walking Dead Locations. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
- Campbell, Sarah Fay (March 24, 2017). "Two productions filming in downtown Newnan Wednesday". Newnan Times-Herald. Retrieved August 10, 2018.