|• Total||0.53 sq mi (1.37 km2)|
|• Land||0.53 sq mi (1.37 km2)|
|• Water||0.00 sq mi (0.01 km2)|
|Elevation||489 ft (149 m)|
|• Density||2,110.06/sq mi (814.29/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
In 1851, it was the site of the Battle of Christiana, also called the Christiana riot.
On September 11, 1851, Christiana was the site of the Battle of Christiana (also called the Christiana Riot), in which the local residents defended with firearms a fugitive slave, killing the slaveowner. Southerners demanded the hanging of those responsible, who were accused of treason and making war on the United States, but after the first defendant was acquitted, the government dropped the case. The trial was the first nationally covered challenge to the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850.
Christiana is located in eastern Lancaster County at (39.955262, -75.996208).
Pennsylvania Route 372 passes through the center of the borough, leading east 5 miles (8 km) to Parkesburg and west 11 miles (18 km) to Quarryville. Lancaster is 19 miles (31 km) to the northwest via Pennsylvania Route 41, and U.S. Route 30.
As of the 2000 census, there were 1,124 people, 383 households, and 284 families residing in the borough.
The population density was 2,121.6 inhabitants per square mile (819.2/km2). There were 391 housing units at an average density of 738.0 units per square mile (284.9 units/km2).
The racial makeup of the borough was 96.09% White, 1.87% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.27% from other races, and 1.60% from two or more races. 4.00% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 383 households, out of which 33.2% had children under the age of eighteen living with them; 58.7% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.6% were non-families. 22.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.1% had someone living alone who was sixty-five years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the borough, the population was spread out, with 22.8% under the age of eighteen, 7.3% from eighteen to twenty-four, 26.8% from twenty-five to forty-four, 20.3% from forty-five to sixty-four, and 22.9% who were sixty-five years of age or older. The median age was forty years.
For every one hundred females, there were 85.2 males. For every one hundred females who were aged eighteen or older, there were 78.2 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $48,333, and the median income for a family was $50,583. Males had a median income of $35,125 compared with that of $25,000 for females.
The per capita income for the borough was $18,764.
Roughly 3.8% of families and 6.3% of the population were living below the poverty line, including 13.5% of those who were under the age of eighteen and 1.6% of those who were aged sixty-five or older.
The borough is served by the Octorara Area School District.
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