Compton, Berkshire

Coordinates: 51°30′54″N 1°15′11″W / 51.515°N 1.253°W / 51.515; -1.253
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Village and civil parish
Medieval church of the ecclesiastical parish of Compton, dedicated to St Mary and St Nicholas
Fields of barley with narrow roadside hedgerows cover a large portion of Compton.
Compton is located in Berkshire
Location within Berkshire
Area15.02 km2 (5.80 sq mi)
Population1,571 (2011 census)[1]
• Density105/km2 (270/sq mi)
OS grid referenceSU5279
Civil parish
  • Compton
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townNewbury
Postcode districtRG20
Dialling code01635
PoliceThames Valley
FireRoyal Berkshire
AmbulanceSouth Central
UK Parliament
WebsiteCompton Parish Council
List of places
51°30′54″N 1°15′11″W / 51.515°N 1.253°W / 51.515; -1.253

Compton is a village and civil parish in the River Pang valley in the Berkshire Downs about 6 miles (9.7 km) south of Didcot.


Compton is buffered from neighbouring settlements by cultivated fields to all sides. The village is in a gently-sloped dry valley and the fledgling Pang seasonally enters from the north west and discharges in the south east and may be joined at the centre of the village by the Roden from the north, when winter bournes rise to fill their channels. Elevations vary from 95 to 155 m (312 to 509 ft) AOD. Compton has a site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) just to the south west of the village, called Ashridge Wood.[2]

Parish church[edit]

The bell tower of the Church of England parish church of Saint Mary and Saint Nicholas was built in the 13th century[3] and has Perpendicular Gothic features[3] that were added in the 15th century.[4] In 1850 the nave and chancel were modernised[4] or rebuilt[3] and in 1905 the Gothic Revival architect John Oldrid Scott added the north aisle.[3]


Former railway[edit]

In 1882 the Didcot, Newbury and Southampton Railway was completed through the parish and Compton railway station was opened. British Railways withdrew passenger services from the line and closed Compton station in 1962. BR had closed Compton goods yard by 1964. Through freight traffic was withdrawn in 1964 and the line was closed and dismantled during 1967.

Bus service[edit]

From 18 February 2013, Compton is served by Newbury and District bus services 6 and 6A from Newbury.[5]

Amenities and economy[edit]


The academically successful The Downs School local authority secondary school is in Compton. In the 21st century its new science building was named The Hubble after American astro-physicist Edwin Hubble. Compton Church of England Primary School is located on School Road. The school emblem is a stag.

One section of the Institute for Animal Health, now the Pirbright Institute was at Compton, along with the Edward Jenner Institute for Vaccine Research.


Despite Compton being a small village, in 2006 it became the founding place of a chemical manufacturing company called Carbosynth. Since 2019, it has merged with Swiss company Biosynth AG within the fine chemical industry and now operates under the name Biosynth®.[6]


2011 Published Statistics: Population, home ownership and extracts from Physical Environment, surveyed in 2005[1]
Output area Homes owned outright Owned with a loan Socially rented Privately rented Other km2 roads km2 water km2 domestic gardens Usual residents km2
Civil parish 147 239 134 68 10 0.122 0.011 0.300 1571 15.02

Nearest places[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

Substantial portions of the BBC Television series Trainer were filmed in and around Compton and the next nearest village, East Ilsley.[citation needed]

Notable people[edit]

Footballer Theo Walcott went to Compton Primary School and The Downs School.[citation needed]


  1. ^ a b Key Statistics: Dwellings; Quick Statistics: Population Density; Physical Environment: Land Use Survey 2005
  2. ^ "Magic Map Application". Retrieved 19 March 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d Pevsner, 1965, page 120
  4. ^ a b Page & Ditchfield, 1925, pages 15-21
  5. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 August 2013. Retrieved 10 March 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ "Biosynth".


External links[edit]